|Title||Factors driving collaboration in natural resource conflict management: Evidence from Romania|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Hossu, A, Ioja, C, Susskind, L, Badiu, D, Hersperger, A|
A critical challenge in natural resource management is to bring all stakeholders together to negotiate solutions to critical problems. However, various collaborative approaches to heading off conﬂicts and resolving natural resource management disputes have been used. What drives these efforts, however, still needs further research. Our study provides a systematic look at the drivers likely to initiate collaborative problem-solving efforts in four cases in Romania. We use Emerson’s et al.(2012) framework for collaborative governance and multi-value qualitative comparative analysis (mvQCA ) to analyze cases involving endangered species, restrictions on forest harvest, conﬂicts associated with infrastructure development projects, and disputes over the managementof environmentally sensitive areas. Our ﬁndings contribute to the already existing collaborative governance literature indicating which of the four factors: uncertainty, interdependence, consequential incentives, and leadership, in which combination, are necessary and sufﬁcient to spur collaborative resource management efforts. Our results showed that in Romania the initiation of collaboration is best explained by positive consequential incentives (i.e.,ﬁnancial opportunities) which has determined leaders to take initiative. This study provides additional information for the complicated process of natural resource management which is often overriding collaboration by investigating what enables and constrains collaborative efforts in a country where natural resources were managed and used according to the principles of central planning.