|Title||Deliberative Democracy and Public Dispute Resolution|
|Publication Type||Book Chapter|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Susskind, L, Gordon, J, Zaerpoor, Y|
|Editor||Bachtiger, A, Dryzek, J, Mansbridge, J, Warren, M|
|Book Title||The Oxford Handbook of Deliberative Democracy|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
Deliberative democracy and public dispute resolution (PDR) have the same goal—to inform and determine the public interest—but they involve different skills and practices. This article considers the ways in which deliberative democratic approaches to policyrelated decision-making can be supplemented with tools used in public dispute resolution —specifically, the use of an independent mediator, the well-developed technique of stakeholder assessment, and a new strategy called joint fact-finding, where stakeholders with different interests work together with outside experts to identify common assumptions, gather information together, and formulate and clarify opinions. All are designed to achieve fairer, wiser, more stable and more efficient outcomes.